© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Ross Wilson Click on the links below to find out more
charcoal and pencil, surface worked, 1994
18 5/8 in. x 13 1/4 in. (472 mm x 335 mm)
Made at Harvard University (where Heaney was Professor of Rhetoric and Oratory), the drawing relates to a painting commissioned by a private collector.
- Place made: United States (Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA)
The Queen opens the Channel Tunnel. After seven years of digging, various financial hold-ups and technical difficulties, a long-awaited rail link is created between Britain and France. The tunnel is 31 miles long with 24 miles under the sea, the longest under-sea tunnel in the world.
Art and science
Trevor Bayliss starts production of his clockwork radio. The innovation is a fantastic example of simple environmentally friendly design and has been found particularly useful in areas where there is no electricity supply, such as remote communities in Africa.Blur release their classic Britpop album depicting London life, Park Life
Violence breaks out in Rwanda. An estimated 800,000 people were massacred in the Rwandan Genocide, most of them Tutsis, murdered by extremist Hutu militia groups.South Africa holds its first democratic elections in which full enfranchisement is granted. The African National Congress led by Nelson Mandela won the majority of the vote, and Mandela became the country's first black State President.