© National Portrait Gallery, London
King George VI
by Leon Underwood Click on the links below to find out more
chased bronze figure, 1937
33 3/4 in. (858 mm) high
Given by the artist's son, Garth Underwood, 1996
- King George VI (1895-1952), Reigned 1936-52. Sitter associated with 500 portraits.
- Leon Underwood (1890-1975), Artist. Artist of 3 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
The figure was begun as a portrait of Edward VIII but altered after the Abdication, to represent his brother.
George VI becomes king. The younger brother of Edward VIII was crowned on the 12th May and the coronation was broadcast to Britain and the Empire on the radio. Edward becomes the Duke of Windsor, although the rank of 'Royal Highness' is not extended to Wallis Simpson.Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister following Baldwin's retirement.
Art and science
Roland Penrose organises a tour of Picasso's painting Guernica
to the UK. The painting, which shows the horrors of the Spanish Civil War, went on display at the Whitechapel Art Gallery in East London.A new synthetic fabric is invented and named after New York and London: Nylon.
Commercial airship travel is brought to an end with the 'Hindenberg Disaster'. The German airship exploded while landing in New Jersey. The radio broadcaster Herbert Morrison's reaction has become legendary: 'Oh, the humanity!'Japan invades China, killing about 25,000. Japanese Troops committed numerous atrocities against soldiers and civilians in what became known as the 'Rape of Nanking'.