© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Hanning Speke
by Southwell Brothers Click on the links below to find out more
sepia carbon print, 1863
23 in. x 18 1/8 in. (584 mm x 460 mm)
- Southwell Brothers (active 1862-1876), Photographers. Artist associated with 197 portraits.
An engraving of this photograph was used as the frontispiece to Speke's Journal of the Discovery of the Source of the Nile (1863). Speke is shown in his expedition clothes with sextant and shotgun. The studio backdrop shows an imaginary view of Lake Victoria.
The opening of the world's first underground railway, with the Metropolitan Railway running trains between Bishop's Street, Padington and Farringdon. Work had begun in 1860, using the 'cut-and-cover' method of construction. The Metropolitan line inspired the construction of other underground railways - the Parisian 'Metro' took its name from the line. The Football Association is founded.
Art and science
Julia Margaret Cameron takes up photography, taking portraits of some of the most celebrated figures of the day, with her romantic style capturing the sense of nostalgia and longing that characterised the age. Kingsley's Water Babies; A Fairy Tale for Children
is published, the hugely popular tale of drowned chimney sweep Tom's moral education in the river world of the water babies. It inspired the 1978 film starring James Mason.
At an international conference, the Geneva Public Welfare Society calls on the sixteen nations present to form voluntary units to help the wartime wounded. The society, comprised of five Swiss citizens and led by Henri Dunant, who had been deeply affected by the casualties he had witnessed at the Battle of Solferino, became the National Red Cross Societies, adopting the emblem of a red cross on white background.