© estate of Roland Penrose / National Portrait Gallery, London
by Sir Roland Algernon Penrose Click on the links below to find out more
mixed-media on paper, circa 1948
12 1/2 x 9 3/4 in. (318 x 248 mm)
- Sir Roland Algernon Penrose (1900-1984), Painter, art collector; WW2 camoufleur and writer on art. Sitter in 15 portraits, Artist of 1 portrait.
- Sir Roland Algernon Penrose (1900-1984), Painter, art collector; WW2 camoufleur and writer on art. Artist of 1 portrait, Sitter in 15 portraits.
This self portrait, influenced by Max Ernst, incorporates his name, 'Roland', inscribed vertically and mirrored.
Prince Charles is born in Buckingham Palace; he is the first son of Princess Elizabeth and the Duke of EdinburghThe Secretary of State for Health, Aneurin Bevan, introduces the National Health Service. Health services in Britain were now funded from central taxation and free at the point of use for every resident of the country.
Art and science
The First Morris Minor car designed by Alec Issigonis and his team (also responsible for the Mini) takes to the road, becoming a popular and classic English design.F.R. Leavis publishes his influential study of the English novel, The Great Tradition
. The book set out Leavis's ideas on the proper relationship between literary form and moral concern.
The policy of Apartheid is adopted in South Africa. Apartheid was a set of laws allowing racial segregation and discrimination against the black majority by the white ruling class.As part of the dispute between Western and Soviet controlled Berlin, the Soviet Union blockades West Berlin, cutting off supplies. Anxious to avoid a conflict, America, Britain and France responded by flying in food and other provisions.