© National Portrait Gallery, London
Edward Bouverie Pusey
by Clara Pusey Click on the links below to find out more
pencil, pen and ink, circa 1856
4 x 1 3/4 in. (101 x 44 mm)
- Edward Bouverie Pusey (1800-1882), Church of England clergyman and university professor; a leader of the Oxford Movement. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- Foister, Susan, Cardinal Newman 1801-90, 1990 (accompanying the exhibition at the National Portrait Gallery from 2 March - 20 May 1990), p. 44
- Saywell, David; Simon, Jacob, Complete Illustrated Catalogue, 2004, p. 508
Queen Victoria introduces the Victoria cross, an award for British soldiers who displayed exceptional valour in battle. Each medal was produced from Russian guns captured in the British war. In 2006, Lance Corporal Johnson Beharry became the first living recipient of the Victoria Cross since 1965, for his actions in the Iraq war.
Art and science
The National Portrait Gallery is founded by Philip Henry Stanhope, 5th Earl of Stanhope, Thomas Babington Macaulay, and Thomas Carlyle, all biographers and historians. Historical rather than artistic in focus, the Gallery's aim was to collect original portraits of outstanding figures from British history, notably from politics, the arts, literature and science. Elizabeth Barrett Browning publishes her epic and autobiographical poem Aurora Leigh
The Treaty of Paris ends the Crimean war. Russia concedes to the Anglo-French-Austrian Four Points of August 1854 including the guarantee of Ottoman sovereignty and territorial integrity. Russia also agreed to a demilitarisation of the land islands in the Baltics, a term which lasted until the outbreak of the First World War.Britain launches the second Opium war against China.