© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Archibald Boyd-Carpenter, Baron Boyd-Carpenter
by Walter Stoneman Click on the links below to find out more
bromide print, June 1949
6 1/8 in. x 4 1/8 in. (157 mm x 104 mm)
- Walter Stoneman (1876-1958), Photographer. Artist associated with 18513 portraits, Sitter in 8 portraits.
Following the Republic of Ireland Act in 1948, the Irish Free State becomes the Republic of Ireland and leaves the Commonwealth. The functions previously given to the King were handed to the President of Ireland.The Second Parliament Act diminishes the power of the House of Lords, reducing their authority to delay bills from two years to one.
Art and science
George Orwell publishes his dystopian novel, 1984
. The book imagines a future where totalitarian governments rule; their power based on continual war abroad, and overwhelming propaganda and surveillance at home. With 'Big Brother' keeping a constant check on the citizens' actions and thoughts, the individual looses the faculties of free will and independent thought.
The People's Republic of China is created after the Communist Party wins the Civil War. China became a communist country under Mao Zedong.Cold War tensions increase as Germany is split into the democratic Federal Republic of Germany in the west (a union of the post-war British, French and American sectors), and the communist German Democratic Republic, in the east.