© National Portrait Gallery, London
Charles Wood, 1st Viscount Halifax
by William Holl Jr, after George Richmond Click on the links below to find out more
stipple engraving, (1861)
11 7/8 in. x 9 in. (302 mm x 228 mm) plate size; 22 1/4 in. x 15 in. (564 mm x 382 mm) paper size
Given by Grillion's Club, 1903
- William Holl Jr (1807-1871), Engraver. Artist associated with 176 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- George Richmond (1809-1896), Portrait painter and draughtsman; son of Thomas Richmond. Artist associated with 325 portraits, Sitter in 14 portraits.
Death of Prince Albert, from typhoid fever. Queen Victoria goes into a long period of mourning, withdrawing from public duties, and becomes known by the satirical title 'Widow of Windsor'.
Art and science
Mrs Beeton's Book of Household Management
is published by her husband Sidney, who successfully maintained the Beeton brand after his wife's early death seven years later. The highly popular book, containing recipes and advice for housekeeping, appealed to the Victorian belief that a woman's role was managing the home.Morris, Marshall, Faulkner and Company is founded, marking the start of the arts and crafts movement.
The American civil war begins after the Confederate army attacks Union forces at Fort Sumner in April. The Confederates, comprised of eleven southern states who seceded from the Union over the right to independence on issues such as abolition, are presided over by Jefferson Davis, formerly senator of Mississippi. Although the Union had early successes, the Confederates' victory at Bull Run sets the Union up for a long, four-year war.