© National Portrait Gallery, London
Hester Lynch Piozzi (née Salusbury, later Mrs Thrale)
by Charles William Sherborn, after Robert Edge Pine Click on the links below to find out more
etching, 1887 (1781)
5 7/8 in. x 4 1/4 in. (149 mm x 109 mm) plate size; 6 1/8 in. x 5 1/4 in. (156 mm x 134 mm) paper size
Given by Timothy Aidan John Knox, 2005
Queen Victoria celebrates her Golden Jubilee, marking 50 years of her reign. In what becomes known as 'Bloody Sunday', or the Trafalgar Square Riot, the police attack a meeting of the Social Democratic Federation, led by among others) Elizabeth Reynolds, John Burns, Annie Besant and Robert Cunninghame-Graham, killing three and injuring more than 200 crowd members.
Art and scienceA Study in Scarlet
, the first of Arthur Conan Doyle's detective mysteries featuring Sherlock Holmes and his assistant Dr Watson, is published. One of only four novels (there were a further 56 short stories) featuring Holmes, the mystery turns around the discovery of a corpse in Brixton.The essayist and critic Walter Pater publishes Imaginary Portraits
in which he consolidates his doctrine of Aestheticism, 'art for art's sake'.
Britain ratifies the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works, thus accepting the terms of the International Copyright Act (1886), which abolishes the requirement to register foreign works and introduces an exclusive right to import or produce translations.The British annex Zululand; it becomes part of Natal in 1897.