© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Benedetto Pistrucci Click on the links below to find out more
gutta-percha medal, 1849
5 3/8 in. (135 mm) diameter
Given by I. Goldsmith, 1874
- Alexander I, Tsar of Russia (1777-1825), Reigned 1801-25. Sitter in 4 portraits.
- Gebhard Leberecht von Blücher (1742-1819), Prussian Field Marshal. Sitter in 7 portraits.
- Francis I, Emperor of Austria (1792-1835), Reigned 1806-35. Sitter associated with 8 portraits.
- Frederick William III, King of Prussia (1770-1840), Reigned 1797-1840. Sitter in 10 portraits.
- King George IV (1762-1830), Regent 1811-19; Reigned 1820-30. Sitter associated with 196 portraits.
- Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington (1769-1852), Field Marshal and Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 438 portraits.
Benjamin Disraeli becomes Conservative leader in the House of Commons.Bedford College for Women is founded, following on from the foundation of Queen's College for Women the previous year.Henry Mayhew, the social researcher and reform advocate, begins publishing his extensive statistical survey into the living conditions of urban communities, London Labour and the London Poor
in the Morning Chronicle
Art and science
With the death of his father Johann Strauss the Elder, Johann Baptist Strauss, the Austrian violinist and composer combines his and his father's orchestra, becoming known as 'the Waltz King'. His famous waltzes include The Blue Danube
(1867). Dante Gabriel Rossetti paints his sister, the poet Christina, in The Girlhood of Mary Virgin
Rome is briefly proclaimed a republic after the papal states are overthrown by Italian republicans. Napoleon's dependency on French Catholics leads him however to help restore papal authority. The restoration of Austrian military rule in Italy further darkens hopes of a self-ruling Italian nationhood. Communist riots are suppressed in Paris.