© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex
by John Fillian, printed and published by Peter Stent, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1653
8 3/8 in. x 5 7/8 in. (212 mm x 149 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
- John Fillian (died circa 1680), Engraver. Artist associated with 6 portraits.
- Hans Holbein the Younger (1497 or 1498-1543). Artist associated with 315 portraits, Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
- Peter Stent (circa 1613-1665), Printseller and printer. Artist associated with 71 portraits.
Dismissal of Rump Parliament. Briefly, power rests with the radicals' Barebone's Parliament before infighting leads to its dissolution. The subsequent passing of 'The Instrument of Government', drafted by Parliamentary General John Lambert, establishes the protectoral system, declaring Oliver Cromwell as lord protector and setting up a supervisory council of state.
Art and science
The London ironmonger, Izaak Walton publishes The Compleat Angler
. Cupid and Death
, a masque written by dramatist James Shirley, is performed before the Portuguese ambassador, Count of Peneguiaõ, briefly reviving theatrical performances during the Interregnum.
Anglo-Dutch War. English navy blockade the Dutch coast forcing the economy of the Netherlands to collapse. Soon afterwards, naval forces clash for the last time at the battle of Scheveningen. Both sides claim victory, however, death of Dutch commander, Lieutenant-Admiral Maarten Tromp, ultimately signal defeat for the Netherlands.