© National Portrait Gallery, London
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
by John Ogborne, after Marcus Gheeraerts the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, (circa 1596)
8 in. x 5 1/4 in. (203 mm x 132 mm) paper size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Pilgrim Trust, 1966
Fears of Spanish invasion of England and Ireland.An expedition under Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex and Charles Howard, Baron Howard of Effingham sacks Cádiz, Spain. Robert Cecil (later Earl of Salisbury) is made Secretary of State.Sir Francis Drake dies from fever during an expedition to attack Spanish territories in the New World.
Art and science
The poet and administrator Edmund Spenser publishes the last three books of The Faerie Queene
, an epic allegorical poem in praise of Queen Elizabeth I.The unusual narrative portrait of the soldier and diplomat Henry Unton is commissioned by his widow. The actor and theatre manager James Burbage builds Blackfriars Theatre, London.
Spanish forces capture Calais, France. The Battle of Keresztes - Mehmed III, Sultan of the Ottoman Empire defeats the combined forces of Sigmund Báthory, Prince of Transylvania and Maximilian, Archduke of Austria.Sigismund III of Poland transfers the capital of Poland from Kraków to Warsaw.