Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

1 portrait on display in Room 16 at the National Portrait Gallery

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex, after Unknown artist, 1620s - NPG D21321 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex

after Unknown artist
line engraving, 1620s
8 7/8 in. x 6 in. (227 mm x 153 mm) paper size
Reference Collection
NPG D21321


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Essex's father, the 2nd Earl, had been a favourite of Elizabeth I before his disgrace and execution for treason in 1601. The family honours were restored to the 3rd Earl in 1604. He was married to Frances Howard in 1606 as a political union to end the longstanding enmity between the Devereux and Howard families. The marriage was a failure and its annulment in 1613 was deeply embarrassing. In the years leading up to the Civil War Essex consistently opposed Charles I's policies, and he became General of the Parliamentary army in 1642. His lack of success prompted the formation of the New Model Army.

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  • NPG D21320: Robert Devereux, 3rd Earl of Essex (from same plate)

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