© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Ida Kar Click on the links below to find out more
vintage bromide print, 1960
9 3/4 in. x 9 3/4 in. (247 mm x 248 mm)
- Ida Kar (1908-1974), Photographer. Artist associated with 1515 portraits, Sitter in 137 portraits.
Romanian-born Ionesco is seen at his writing desk; on the right hangs a poster for his play, Victims of Duty (1953), and on the left are copies of The Possessed by Dostoevsky. At the time of the opening of Kar's Whitechapel exhibition, Ionesco's Rhinocéros (1959) was being staged at the Royal Court Theatre, directed by Orson Welles.
Prince Andrew is born, the third child of Queen Elizabeth and Prince Phillip.The Contraceptive Pill is introduced in England, dramatically changing the nation's approach to sex and relationships, and significantly contributing to the 1960s culture of liberation.
Art and science
Penguin books defend D.H. Lawrence's Lady Chatterley's Lover
against charges of obscenity by demonstrating that the novel was of literary merit. The 'not guilty' verdict was seen as a victory for free speech and marked the beginning if a new era of liberalism.The satirical review Beyond the Fringe
launches the careers of Alan Bennett, Peter Cook, Dudley Moore and Jonathan Miller.
Harold Macmillan delivers his 'wind of change' speech to the South African Parliament in Cape Town, announcing Britain's decision to grant independence to many of her colonies. The speech recognised the emergence of African nationalism, and criticised the policy of Apartheid in South Africa.