© National Portrait Gallery, London
'The Times', Plate 1
by William Hogarth Click on the links below to find out more
etching and engraving, published 1762
8 1/2 in. x 11 5/8 in. (216 mm x 294 mm) paper size
- William Hogarth (1697-1764), Painter and engraver. Artist associated with 127 portraits, Sitter associated with 19 portraits.
- William Beckford (1709-1770), Lord Mayor of London. Sitter in 15 portraits.
- William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham (1708-1778), Prime Minister. Sitter associated with 33 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Charles Churchill (1731-1764), Satirist. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- Frederick II ('The Great'), King of Prussia (1712-1786), Reigned 1740-86. Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Henry Fox, 1st Baron Holland (1705-1774), Whig statesman. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- Richard Grenville-Temple, 2nd Earl Temple (1711-1779), Statesman. Sitter in 16 portraits.
- John Wilkes (1725-1797), Journalist, agitator and politician; MP for Aylesbury and Middlesex. Sitter associated with 49 portraits, Artist associated with 1 portrait.
Birth of George, Prince of Wales (later George IV) on 12 August. Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle resigns as Prime Minister over foreign policy and is succeeded by the Tory John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute. Many of Newcastle's followers are dismissed over the following months in what becomes popularly known as the 'Massacre of the Pelhamite Innocents'.'Cock Lane ghost' appears in Smithfield, London.
Art and science
James MacPherson publishes Fingal, an Ancient Epic Poem
, said to be the work of the third century Scottish bard Ossian, initiating the greatest literary hoax of the century.Sign-Painters Exhibition is organised in London by Bonnell Thornton to ridicule recently established public art exhibitions. Artist William Hogarth publishes The Times Plate 1
; an anti-war satire.
Philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau publishes his major works The Social Contract and Emile; influential treatises on society and education. Peter III of Russia is reputedly assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his wife Catherine, who succeeds him to the throne as Catherine II (later the Great). Seven Years' War: The British commander John Manners Marquess of Granby distinguishes himself at the Battle of Manila.