© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Campbell, 2nd Duke of Argyll and Greenwich
by Johann Sebastian Müller, after William Aikman Click on the links below to find out more
etching, mid 18th century
6 5/8 in. x 4 1/8 in. (167 mm x 105 mm) plate size; 7 5/8 in. x 4 5/8 in. (193 mm x 118 mm) paper size
Given by Ernest E. Leggatt
- William Aikman (1682-1731), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
- Johann Sebastian Müller (circa 1715-1792), Engraver and botanist. Artist associated with 28 portraits.
John and Charles Wesley form a Holy Club at Oxford which becomes the cradle of Methodism.Glasite sect, which promoted a form of primitive Christianity, established in Scotland by John Glas.Last native roe deer in England is reputedly killed in Northumberland.
Art and science
French sculptor Louis-Francois Roubiliac settles in London from Paris. The Daily Advertiser
is established as the first newspaper funded by advertising.Mathematician and inventor John Hadley invents the octant, a navigating device which precedes the sextant.
Frederick, Crown Prince of Prussia, tries to flee to Britain but is imprisoned by his father Frederick William I.Pope Clement XII succeeds Benedict XIII as the 246th pope. Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius observes the aurora borealis and suggests the existence of the earth's magnetic field.