© National Portrait Gallery, London
published by Arent Pietersen Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, after 1645
5 1/2 in. x 4 1/4 in. (140 mm x 108 mm) paper size
- William Laud (1573-1645), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter associated with 61 portraits.
- Arent Pietersen (active 1649), Publisher. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
First proposed by Sir WiIliam Waller, the New Model Army, the first national army consisting of full-time soldiers, is recruited by Parliament. Under the leadership of Thomas Fairfax, Commander-in-Chief, the Army decisively wins the battles of Naseby and Langport against the Royalists. Archbishop William Laud is beheaded for treason.
Art and science
Alexander Ross, clergyman and philosopher publishes The Philosophical Touch-Stone
, an important refutation of the unorthodox Aristotelianism expounded by Sir Kenelm Digby in his Two Treaties
. Physician Daniel Whistler, presents his thesis on rickets at the Dutch university of Leiden, the first printed text on the disease.
Charles I commissions Edward Somerset, Marquess of Worcester, to secretly negotiate with Irish Confederates. For generous concessions the Confederates would raise an army to fight against parliamentarians. Ongoing, complex negotiations secure the signing of two treaties but the king eventually disavows the agreements and repudiates Somerset.