© National Portrait Gallery, London
Unknown couple, called Robert Carr, Earl of Somerset; Frances, Countess of Somerset
by James Donald Milner, probably after Paul van Somer Click on the links below to find out more
pencil on tracing paper, 1 December 1911
8 7/8 in. x 12 in. (224 mm x 305 mm) paper size
- James Donald Milner (1874-1927), Director of the National Portrait Gallery. Artist associated with 7 portraits, Sitter in 1 portrait.
- Paul van Somer (circa 1576-1621), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 35 portraits.
Asquith's Liberal government introduces the Parliament Act to curb the powers of the House of Lords following the clash between the Commons and Lords over the 1909 People's Budget. The Act removed the Lords' power to veto bills, reduced the length of Parliament from seven to five years, and provided for the payment of MPs.
Art and science
Ernest Rutherford discovers the structure of the atom. The New Zealand born physicist working in Manchester showed with his Nuclear Model
that electrons orbited a nucleus composed of protons and neutrons. The discovery paved the way for nuclear physics.
The Polish Chemist, Marie Curie, becomes the first woman to win the Nobel Prize for her discovery in 1898 of the radioactive element, Radon.The Mona Lisa is stolen from the Louvre. The masterpiece was missing for two years, during which time suspicion fell on avant-garde poet Guillaume Apollinaire and his friend Pablo Picasso, before Vincenzo Peruggia, an employee of the Louvre, was arrested in Florence.