© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Faithorne Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1664
11 3/4 in. x 8 7/8 in. (299 mm x 224 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Robert Boyle (1627-1691), Chemist and natural philosopher. Sitter associated with 22 portraits.
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
The Coventicle Act, a component of the Clarendon Code, is enacted by Parliament forbidding non-conformist conventicles.The Admiral's Regiment, precursor to the Royal Marines, meets for the first time as part of the mobilisation for war with the Dutch.
Art and science
Playwright, Thomas Killigrew, stages his best-known play, The Parson's Wedding
with an all-female cast. After the Restoration, women were permitted to take to the stage as actors. Construction of the Sheldonian Theatre in Oxford begins. Designed by architect, Christopher Wren, the building is funded Archbishop Sheldon.
Mounting pressure for war with England's trading rival, Holland, increases as the two countries clash over trading interests around the world. Thomas Clifford, Baron Clifford, passionately champions the cause for war, becoming a leading voice in a bellicose parliament which promises an unprecedented grant towards the conflict.