© National Portrait Gallery, London
Catherine of Braganza
by William Faithorne, after Dirk Stoop Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1662
12 1/2 in. x 8 7/8 in. (318 mm x 226 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- Dirk Stoop (circa 1610-circa 1685). Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- NPG 2563: Catherine of Braganza (source portrait)
Marriage of Catherine of Braganza to Charles II. A spectacular pageant on the Thames greets Catherine as she arrives at Whitehall Palace. Act of Uniformity, lays down requirements for the clergy to remain in the Church of England, forcing hundreds to be ejected from their livings.
Art and science
Physicist Robert Boyle publishes A Defence of the Doctrine, Touching the Spring and Weight of the Air
, which contains the first formulation of Boyle's Law, describing the relationship between pressure and volume of gases.
Upon restoration of the monarchy, pro-royalist and Catholic Irish landlords, notably James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, appeal to the king to restore their lands confiscated during the Cromwellian conquest of Ireland. However, political wrangling and insufficient land renders the subsequent Act of Settlement, passed by the Irish Parliament, unworkable.