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Queen Elizabeth I; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley; Sir Francis Walsingham

7 of 30 portraits of Sir Francis Walsingham

Queen Elizabeth I; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley; Sir Francis Walsingham, by William Faithorne, 1655 - NPG D22722 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Queen Elizabeth I; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley; Sir Francis Walsingham

by William Faithorne
line engraving, 1655
11 1/4 in. x 6 5/8 in. (287 mm x 168 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Reference Collection
NPG D22722


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Sittersback to top

Artistback to top

  • William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.

Related worksback to top

  • NPG D19080: Queen Elizabeth I; Sir Francis Walsingham; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (from same plate)
  • NPG D21165: Queen Elizabeth I; Sir Francis Walsingham; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (from same plate)
  • NPG D21065: Queen Elizabeth I; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley; Sir Francis Walsingham (from same plate)
  • NPG D31830: Queen Elizabeth I; Sir Francis Walsingham; William Cecil, 1st Baron Burghley (from same plate)

Events of 1655back to top

Current affairs

Secretary of State, John Thurloe, implements a highly efficient intelligence service and thwarts plans for a series of royalist uprisings which produced only Penruddock's revolt. Following ineffectual royalist riots, Lord Protector, Oliver Cromwell, appoints nineteen Major-generals to manage regional government and prevent future challenges to the protectorate.

Art and science

Publication of the controversial work De corpore, by philosopher, Thomas Hobbes, prompts mathematician, John Wallis to scornfully refute the work in Elenchus geometriae Hobbianae, starting a bitter, long-running polemical dispute between the two men.

International

General Robert Venables and Admiral William Penn lead an expedition to the Caribbean to threaten Spanish trade routes and weaken Catholic influence in the New World. An integral part of Cromwell's foreign policy to curb Spanish power, the campaign, Cromwell's 'western design', fails leading to war in Europe.

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