© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Sylvester Brounower Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, late 17th century
9 5/8 in. x 6 3/8 in. (246 mm x 163 mm) paper size
Given by Henry Witte Martin, 1861
- John Locke (1632-1704), Philosopher. Sitter in 36 portraits.
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.