© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Audley, Baron Audley of Walden
attributed to Thomas Athow, after Thomas Phillips, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
watercolour, early 19th century
12 1/8 in. x 8 1/2 in. (308 mm x 215 mm)
- Thomas Athow (active 1806-1822). Artist associated with 50 portraits.
- Hans Holbein the Younger (1497 or 1498-1543). Artist associated with 310 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
- Thomas Phillips (1770-1845), Portrait painter. Artist associated with 215 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
William Pitt returns to office and forms a second coalition administration, retaining many of those who had served under his predecessor Henry Addington but specifically excluding his arch rival Charles James Fox .
Art and science
William Blake starts writing Jerusalem
. One of his most ambitious allegorical poems, it took nearly eight years to complete. Amidst infighting about submissions to the annual exhibition, attempts are made to unseat painter Benjamin West as President of the Royal Academy and elect architect James Wyatt instead.
Napoleon declares himself Emperor of France and is crowned as Napoleon I by Pope Pius VII in Paris. Haiti achieves independence led by Toussaint L'Ouverture, the patriot and martyr who had seized control from the French in 1801. He becomes a symbolic figure of freedom for the British anti-slavery movement.