© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Faithorne Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1653 or after
5 1/4 in. x 3 9/16 in. (134 mm x 90 mm) plate size; 5 5/8 in. x 3 13/16 in. (143 mm x 97 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- William Harvey (1578-1657), Physician, discovered the circulation of the blood. Sitter in 19 portraits.
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
Dismissal of Rump Parliament. Briefly, power rests with the radicals' Barebone's Parliament before infighting leads to its dissolution. The subsequent passing of 'The Instrument of Government', drafted by Parliamentary General John Lambert, establishes the protectoral system, declaring Oliver Cromwell as lord protector and setting up a supervisory council of state.
Art and science
The London ironmonger, Izaak Walton publishes The Compleat Angler
. Cupid and Death
, a masque written by dramatist James Shirley, is performed before the Portuguese ambassador, Count of Peneguiaõ, briefly reviving theatrical performances during the Interregnum.
Anglo-Dutch War. English navy blockade the Dutch coast forcing the economy of the Netherlands to collapse. Soon afterwards, naval forces clash for the last time at the battle of Scheveningen. Both sides claim victory, however, death of Dutch commander, Lieutenant-Admiral Maarten Tromp, ultimately signal defeat for the Netherlands.