© National Portrait Gallery, London
King James II
probably by William Faithorne, after Sir Anthony Van Dyck Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, late 1630s-1640s
4 1/8 in. x 2 7/8 in. (105 mm x 72 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- King James II (1633-1701), Reigned 1685-88. Sitter associated with 132 portraits.
- Sir Anthony Van Dyck (1599-1641), Painter. Artist associated with 1017 portraits, Sitter associated with 31 portraits.
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
Politician, John Hampden, fights a high profile case refusing to pay ship money imposed by Charles I, whose case is argued by Judge, Sir John Bankes. Hampden narrowly looses the case. Charles I, eager to extend Anglicism to Scotland through the imposition of a new Prayer Book, meets with resistance.
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is launched, the largest, most lavishly decorated naval warship. Built by shipbuilder Peter Pett, construction is supervised by his father Phineas Pett. John Milton's greatest memorial elegy, Lycidas, is dedicated to fellow poet Edward King. Dramatist, Thomas Killigrew, writes his most popular play, The Parson's Wedding
Charles I issues a proclamation that those emigrating to America must obtain a licence from the Commissioners for Plantations and a certificate proving allegiance to the king and conformity to the Church of England. First recorded economic bubble. Contract prices for tulips in the Netherlands collapses having become very high.