Eleanor Clifford (née Brandon), Countess of Cumberland

1 portrait

Eleanor Clifford (née Brandon), Countess of Cumberland, probably by Alfred Thomas Derby, after  Unknown artist, 1842 - NPG D23066 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

Eleanor Clifford (née Brandon), Countess of Cumberland

probably by Alfred Thomas Derby, after Unknown artist
pencil, pen and ink, 1842
15 in. x 9 7/8 in. (382 mm x 252 mm)
Purchased, 1893
Reference Collection
NPG D23066

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Current affairs

Edwin Chadwick publishes his damning report, Sanitary Conditions of the Labouring Poor, which details the shocking living conditions of the urban poor and prompts government to take a new interest in public health issues. A year-long depression and the rejection of the Chartist petition leads to riots, with workers striking in the Midlands, Lancashire, Yorkshire, and parts of Scotland.

Art and science

Mudie's Lending Library opens, becoming one of the largest circulating libraries in the period. Made popular by the otherwise high cost of books, it exerts a great influence over literature; both by maintaining the more costly 'three decker' novel structure, and acting as moral censor. Richard Owen, the English biologist, comparative anatomist and palaeontologist, coins the term 'dinosaur', combining the Greek words for 'formidable' and 'reptile'.


Treaty of Nanjing, which allows China to trade with Britain and lends Hong Kong to the British crown for 150 years. In Afghanistan, the Anglo-Afghan war ends as the British abandon Kabul, withdrawing to India and losing most of their garrison force in the operation with only one member, Dr William Brydon, surviving.

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