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'My birthday party'

6 of 11 portraits of Edith Olivier

'My birthday party', possibly by Philip Edward Morrell, 16 June 1936 - NPG Ax144005 - © National Portrait Gallery, London

© National Portrait Gallery, London

'My birthday party'

possibly by Philip Edward Morrell
vintage snapshot print, 16 June 1936
2 7/8 in. x 3 7/8 in. (72 mm x 100 mm) image size
Purchased with help from the Friends of the National Libraries and the Dame Helen Gardner Bequest, 2003
Photographs Collection
NPG Ax144005


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Sittersback to top

  • Lady (Gladys Mary) Juliet Duff (née Lowther) (1881-1965), Wife of Sir Robert Duff, 2nd Bt; daughter of 4th Earl of Lonsdale. Sitter in 3 portraits.
  • Lady Ottoline Morrell (1873-1938), Patron of the arts; half-sister of 6th Duke of Portland; wife of Philip Edward Morrell. Sitter associated with 595 portraits, Artist associated with 1699 portraits.
  • Norman Notley (1891-1980), Baritone and singing teacher. Sitter in 2 portraits.
  • Edith Olivier (1872-1948), Writer; Mayor of Wilton. Sitter in 11 portraits.

Artistback to top

  • Philip Edward Morrell (1870-1943), Politician; husband of Lady Ottoline Morrell. Artist associated with 341 portraits, Sitter associated with 191 portraits.

Events of 1936back to top

Current affairs

Following the death of his father George V, Edward succeeds to the throne as King Edward VIII, but chooses to abdicate in order to marry the American divorcee, Wallis Simpson. Edward was the only monarch every to voluntarily relinquish the throne.

Art and science

The Spitfire, designed by Reginald Mitchell, has its maiden flight. The RAF and other allied forces used the plane extensively and to great effect during the Second World War. Television broadcasting begins. Although the BBC had been transmitting television since 1930, regular service did not begin until 1936, when the 'BBC Television Service' (now BBC One) was broadcast from Alexandra Palace.

International

The Spanish Civil War begins. Nationalists, led by General Francisco Franco, and supported by Italian and German fascist governments, rebelled against the Second Spanish Republic. The conflict lasted until 1939, and anticipated many of the features of the Second World War: fighting between Communists and Fascists, the rise of nationalism and the use of terror tactics against civilians.

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