© National Portrait Gallery, London
John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford
by Henry Bone, after Sir George Hayter Click on the links below to find out more
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, October 1819 (exhibited 1819)
9 7/8 in. x 7 1/2 in. (250 mm x 190 mm)
acquired Sir George Scharf, 1890
- Henry Bone (1755-1834), Enamel painter. Artist associated with 677 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Sir George Hayter (1792-1871), Portrait and history painter; son of Charles Hayter. Artist associated with 198 portraits, Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
Peterloo Massacre leaves eleven dead and four hundred wounded as crowds, gathered to hear radical Henry Hunt call for reform of the House of Commons, are forcibly dispersed. Six Acts are passed, stiffening the 1795 Treason Act and introducing a tax on the periodical press which was viewed as seditious.
Art and science
Percy Bysshe Shelley writes Ode to the West Wind
during a year of extraordinary creativity in which he also finishes Prometheus Unbound
.Lord Byron publishes his tour-de-force Don Juan
; one man's mock-epic odyssey through a world without fixed principles. First ship with a steam engine crosses the Atlantic in twenty-eight days.
Thomas Jefferson establishes the University of Virginia.Royal Navy anti-slave squadron is set up to patrol the West African coastline.French physician Rene Laennac invents the stethoscope.