© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Alexander Bassano Click on the links below to find out more
albumen cabinet card, 1887 (1882)
5 5/8 in. x 3 7/8 in. (144 mm x 98 mm) image size
- Queen Victoria (1819-1901), Reigned 1837-1901. Sitter associated with 526 portraits, Artist associated with 5 portraits.
- Alexander Bassano (1829-1913), Photographer. Artist associated with 2806 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
A great patron of photography, Queen Victoria was photographed by Bassano often. These photographs were the basis for a number of art-works, including a painting by Florence Small reproduced in 1887 as a colour lithograph. It was advertised in the press as the 'best portrait of Her Majesty' and recommended for the 'decoration of schoolrooms and other places where the festivities of the Jubilee will be held'. Bassano's photographs also informed Benjamin-Constant's 1901 painting of Victoria.
The Ashes Test cricket series is born. The series gets its name from a satirical obituary published in the English newspaper The Sporting Times
, stating that English cricket had died and its cremated body was being taken back to Australia, after England, with batsmen W. G. Grace and Charles Studd, lost the first home match to Australia at the Oval.The Married Women's Property Act is passed, securing equal property rights between married couples.
Art and science
Eadweard Muybridge, British photographer, exhibits his images of animal and human motion, captured with his 'zoopraxiscope', a motion-picture machine recreating movement by displaying individual photographs in rapid succession, at the Royal Academy and Royal Institution. His studies and inventions contributed to the development of motion pictures, with E.J. Marey and the Lumiere brothers acknowledging his impact.
The Zioinist movement begins, with the first wave of Jewish immigrants to Palestine, at this time part of the Ottoman empire. The Jewish people were in Diaspora, spread across the world, and Palestine, the place of Jewish origin but now also occupied by Muslims and Christians, seemed a logical place for a settlement.