© National Portrait Gallery, London
William Murray, 1st Earl of Mansfield
by Henry Bone, after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
pencil drawing squared in ink for transfer, 1803 (1776)
8 7/8 in. x 7 in. (225 mm x 179 mm)
acquired Sir George Scharf, 1890
- Henry Bone (1755-1834), Enamel painter. Artist associated with 677 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
The Vice Society is formally established by John Reeves and his associates to campaign against blasphemy and immorality, particularly that perpetrated by Thomas Paine and the Edinburgh Review
Art and science
Erasmus Darwin's Temple of Nature
published posthumously. A scientific treaty in the form of an elaborate couplet poem, its content anticipated some of the evolutionary ideas developed by his grandson, Charles Darwin, fifty years later. Construction of the Caledonian Canal begins.
War with France resumes, sparking new fears of a cross-channel invasion.United Irishman, Robert Emmett's attempted uprising in Dublin. Planned to coincide with Napoleon's expected invasion, it aimed to overthrow the English administration but ended in failure. Emmett is hanged along with several other conspirators.