© National Portrait Gallery, London
Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth
by William Faithorne Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1656
6 7/8 in. x 5 3/4 in. (174 mm x 147 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 716 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- NPG D19122: Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth (from same plate)
- NPG D22871: Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth (from same plate)
- NPG D29090: Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth (from same plate)
- NPG D38872: Henry Carey, 2nd Earl of Monmouth (from same plate)
The Quaker, James Nayler, rides on horseback into Bristol in imitation of Christ entering Jerusalem. He is imprisoned for blasphemy. Oliver Cromwell reluctantly calls a second Protectorate Parliament hoping a compliant parliament will raise money urgently required for the Anglo-Spanish War and maintenance of military government at home.
Art and science
Political theorist, James Harrington, publishes his influential magnus opus, The Commonwealth of Oceana
, which advocates for a utopian republic. Gardener and collector, John Tradescant the Younger, publishes England's first museum catalogue, Musaeum Tradescantianum
, for his museum of rarities housed in his home, called 'The Ark'.
War with Spain officially declared. Admiral, Edward Montagu, Earl of Sandwich concludes a treaty with Portugal eagerly requiring support to free itself from Spain. Admiral Robert Blake, keeping the fleet at sea throughout the winter to blockade Spain's coastline, enables Captain Richard Stayner to capture a Spanish plate fleet.