© National Portrait Gallery, London
Unknown man, possibly James Boswell
by Henry Bone, possibly after Sir Joshua Reynolds Click on the links below to find out more
pencil, early 19th century
8 5/8 in. x 7 in. (220 mm x 178 mm)
acquired Sir George Scharf, 1890
- James Boswell (1740-1795), Biographer of Dr Johnson. Sitter associated with 16 portraits.
- Henry Bone (1755-1834), Enamel painter. Artist associated with 677 portraits, Sitter in 6 portraits.
- Sir Joshua Reynolds (1723-1792), Painter and first President of the Royal Academy. Artist associated with 1413 portraits, Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
; a retrospective explanation of his experimental poems written with Samuel Taylor Coleridge. It becomes one of the best-known manifestos of Romantic literature.
Lord Castlereagh, Chief Secretary for Ireland, is the main architect of the Act of Union under which Ireland is merged with Great Britain and the Irish parliament is abolished.British troops support successful uprising by Maltese against the French.Napoleon is victorious against Austrians at Marengo and reconquers Italy.