© National Portrait Gallery, London
The Thames Frost Fair, 1683
probably by William Faithorne, published by William Warter Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1684
15 in. x 18 7/8 in. (380 mm x 480 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
- William Warter (active 1684-1709). Artist associated with 1 portrait.
James, Duke of York's influence grows within Charles II's government; the Admiralty commission is abolished, allowing James to resume his role as lord admiral, in all but name. A new generation of Tories, supporters of James are bestowed with influential roles, including Sir George Jeffreys, recently appointed Lord Chief Justice.
Art and science
Italian decorative artist, Antonio Verrio, is appointed 'principal Gardiner and Surveyor' to the King. Author, John Bunyan, publishes the second part of his Pilgrim's Progress
Luxembourg surrenders to French forces. Renewed fighting between the French Bourbons and the Spanish Habsburgs had broken out the year before when French troops laid seize to Luxembourg and entered the Spanish Netherlands. Charles II rejects Spanish demands for assistance, determined to remain detached from the conflict.