© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Richard I ('the Lionheart')
by Peter Vanderbank (Vandrebanc), after Edward Lutterell (Luttrell) Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1706
11 1/2 in. x 7 7/8 in. (291 mm x 201 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
The Regency Bill passes in Parliament. John Somers, Baron Somers, and Thomas Wharton, Marquess of Wharton, as prominent supporters of the Protestant succession, are instrumental in formulating legislation which provide for an emergency Council of Sate to convene upon the death of Queen Anne, pending arrival of the Hanoverian successor.
Art and science
Publication of Horae lyricae
, by hymn writer Isaac Watts. A dissenting minister, Watts is recognised as the 'Father of English Hymnody'. Publication of Synopsis Palmariorum Matheseos
, a mathematical guide for beginners by mathematician William Jones. Thomas Twining opens a tea room in London.
Allied forces under Commander-in-chief, John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, defeat Louis XIV's army at the Battle of Ramillies. The most successful campaign in Marlborough's career, victory at Ramillies and a string of subsequent military successes for the allies establishes their control of the Southern Netherlands.