© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Thomas Fall Click on the links below to find out more
albumen cabinet card, circa 1895
5 7/8 in. x 4 in. (148 mm x 101 mm) image size
- Duncan Grant (1885-1978), Artist. Sitter associated with 29 portraits, Artist of 9 portraits.
- Thomas Fall (1833-1900), Photographer. Artist associated with 43 portraits.
This portrait was taken two years after Grant returned to England; he spent his early childhood in India and Burma where his father's regiment was stationed. In 1893 he came back to England to go to school, living for most of this period with his cousins, the Stracheys. He was encouraged to train as a painter by his art teacher and his aunt, Lady Jane Strachey, who organised private drawing lessons and took him to visit artists' studios.
Oscar Wilde's The Importance of Being Earnest
is first performed, the same year that he is imprisoned for homosexual offences following accusations made against him by the eighth Marquess of Queensbury. Whilst in prison, Wilde wrote De Profundis
, a letter addressed to his former lover, Queensbury's son Lord Alfred Douglas, attacking him for his role in Wilde's imprisonment. Prime Minister Lord Rosebery resigns and is succeeded by Salisbury.
Art and science
The Lumiere brothers hold the first public screening of movies at Paris's Salon Indien du Grand Café, featuring ten short films recorded with Leon Bouly's cinematographe device, recognised as the birth of cinema as a commercial medium.Henry Irving, the celebrated actor and theatre manager, becomes the first actor to receive a knighthood.
In South Africa, prompted by the growing unrest of unfranchised British immigrants (Uitlanders) drawn to the Transvaal by the discovery of gold, Rhodes and other members of the South African mining community begin to plot the republic's overthrow. As a result, the disastrous Jameson Raid takes place, carried out on Paul Kruger's Transvaal Republic by Leander Starr Jameson and his Rhodesian and Bechuanaland policemen: it fails to bring about an Uitlander uprising.