© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Richard II and Anne of Bohemia
by John Goldar, after Hubert-François Gravelot (né Bourguignon) Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, mid 18th century
14 1/8 in. x 9 5/8 in. (359 mm x 243 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Anne of Bohemia (1366-1394), Queen of Richard II. Sitter in 6 portraits.
- King Richard II (1367-1400), Reigned 1377-99. Sitter associated with 33 portraits.
John and Charles Wesley form a Holy Club at Oxford which becomes the cradle of Methodism.Glasite sect, which promoted a form of primitive Christianity, established in Scotland by John Glas.Last native roe deer in England is reputedly killed in Northumberland.
Art and science
French sculptor Louis-Francois Roubiliac settles in London from Paris. The Daily Advertiser
is established as the first newspaper funded by advertising.Mathematician and inventor John Hadley invents the octant, a navigating device which precedes the sextant.
Frederick, Crown Prince of Prussia, tries to flee to Britain but is imprisoned by his father Frederick William I.Pope Clement XII succeeds Benedict XIII as the 246th pope. Swedish astronomer Anders Celsius observes the aurora borealis and suggests the existence of the earth's magnetic field.