© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Henry IV
by Pierre François Basan, after George Vertue Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1748
6 1/8 in. x 4 1/2 in. (154 mm x 114 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- King Henry IV (1367-1413), Reigned 1399-1413. Sitter associated with 29 portraits.
- Pierre François Basan (1723-1797). Artist associated with 8 portraits.
- George Vertue (1683-1756), Engraver and antiquary. Artist associated with 852 portraits, Sitter in 7 portraits.
In his role as magistrate, Henry Fielding organises the forerunner of the Bow Street Runners, effectively London's first police force. Fire in the City of London causes over a million pounds worth of damage.
Art and science
Tobias Smollett publishes The Adventures of Roderick Random
.Samuel Richardson publishes Clarissa
; the longest novel in the English language.Philosopher David Hume publishes An Enquiry concerning Human Understanding
.Physician John Fothergill's pamphlet Account of the Sore Throat attended with Ulcers
contains the first description of diphtheria.
Ancient Roman city of Pompeii is rediscovered near Naples, further fuelling a resurgence of interest in the antique among British collectors such as the diplomat Sir William Hamilton. Treaty of Aix-La-Chapelle ends the War of the Austrian Succession.French writer Montesquieu anonymously publishes his influential treatise on political theory L'Esprit des Lois
(The Spirit of the Laws).