© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Henry VI
possibly by William Faithorne Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, mid 17th century
3 7/8 in. x 2 3/4 in. (100 mm x 70 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- King Henry VI (1421-1471), Reigned 1422-61 and 1470-71. Sitter associated with 38 portraits.
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
Charles I's first surviving child, Charles, is born in St. James's Palace. He is baptised by the Anglican Bishop of London, William Laud, and brought up in the care of the Protestant Mary Curzon, Countess of Dorset.
Art and science
The Cottonian Library, containing the greatest resource of Old English and Middle English literature, founded by antiquary and anti-royalist, Sir Robert Bruce Cotton, is confiscated by the authorities.
Philip IV of Spain and Charles I sign the Treaty of Madrid, ending hostilities between the two countries. Spanish diplomat, Cesare Alessandro Scaglia, assists with the conclusion of the peace deal. German, Protestant land is regained from Catholic allies on account of Swedish intervention in the Thirty Years' War.