© National Portrait Gallery, London
King Edward IV, King Edward V, King Richard III
by Jodocus Hondius Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1610
9 1/4 in. x 2 5/8 in. (235 mm x 66 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- King Edward IV (1442-1483), Reigned 1461-70 and 1471-83. Sitter associated with 36 portraits.
- King Edward V (1470-1483), Reigned 1483. Sitter associated with 14 portraits.
- King Richard III (1452-1485), Reigned 1483-85. Sitter associated with 25 portraits.
- Jodocus Hondius (1563-1611). Artist associated with 10 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Printed portrait sets of kings and queens were popular in England in the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) and her successor James I (1603-1625). These portraits were engraved for a publication called The Theatre of The Empire of Great Britaine by John Speed, first published in 1611, in which they framed a map of Lancashire. The series celebrated the union of the houses of Lancaster and York through the marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York in 1486. It was through this marriage that the Tudor dynasty was founded.
- NPG D23859: Elizabeth of York (mounted together)
- NPG D23855: King Henry IV; King Henry V; King Henry VI (mounted together)
- NPG D23858: King Henry VII (mounted together)
Lady Arabella Stuart, cousin of James I, secretly marries William Seymour, Marquess of Hertford. James I's chaotic finances prompts Robert Cecil, Earl of Salisbury to submit to Parliament the great contract which proposed increases to the king's income for James's relinquishment of his feudal rights; however, it was not implemented.
Art and scienceThe Alchemist
, by playwright Benjamin Jonson, is first performed by the acting troupe, the King's Men. Jonson also writes Prince Henry's Barriers
, in honour of Henry, Prince of Wales. Stationers' Company agrees to give Thomas Bodley a copy of every book registered with them for his growing Bodleian Library.
Henry IV, King of France, is assassinated in Paris by Catholic fanatic, François Ravaillac. Henry, born a Calvinist, converted to Catholicism before ascending the throne to appease his future subjects. Although a popular king, much loved by his people, two earlier attempts had been made on his life.