© National Portrait Gallery, London
Elizabeth of York
by Jodocus Hondius Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1610
3 in. x 2 5/8 in. (75 mm x 67 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Elizabeth of York (1466-1503), Queen of Henry VII. Sitter associated with 23 portraits.
- Jodocus Hondius (1563-1611). Artist associated with 10 portraits, Sitter in 2 portraits.
Printed portrait sets of kings and queens were popular in England in the reigns of Queen Elizabeth I (1558-1603) and her successor James I (1603-1625). These portraits were engraved for a publication called The Theatre of The Empire of Great Britaine by John Speed, first published in 1611, in which they framed a map of Lancashire. The series celebrated the union of the houses of Lancaster and York through the marriage of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York in 1486. It was through this marriage that the Tudor dynasty was founded.
- NPG D23855: King Henry IV; King Henry V; King Henry VI (mounted together)
- NPG D23857: King Edward IV, King Edward V, King Richard III (mounted together)
- NPG D23858: King Henry VII (mounted together)
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Henry IV, King of France, is assassinated in Paris by Catholic fanatic, François Ravaillac. Henry, born a Calvinist, converted to Catholicism before ascending the throne to appease his future subjects. Although a popular king, much loved by his people, two earlier attempts had been made on his life.