© National Portrait Gallery, London
by and published by John Carter Click on the links below to find out more
hand-coloured engraving, published 1 July 1786
15 3/4 in. x 9 1/8 in. (400 mm x 232 mm) plate size; 17 1/2 in. x 10 7/8 in. (443 mm x 276 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Thomas Becket (1120?-1170), Archbishop of Canterbury. Sitter in 13 portraits.
- John Carter (1748-1817), Draughtsman and antiquary. Artist associated with 4 portraits.
Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke instigates impeachment proceedings against Warren Hastings, former Governor-General of Bengal after concerns about the moral standards of the British in India are raised. Prime Minister William Pitt appoints commissioners for the reduction of the national debt and establishes a sinking fund of £1 million a year. Government approves the establishment of a penal colony at Botany Bay.
Art and science
Robert Burns publishes Poems Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect bringing him immediate success across the country. Engraver and publisher John Boydell initiates plans for his Shakespeare Gallery in an effort to establish a school of British history painting. Merchant David Dale establishes New Lanark in South Lanarkshire, Scotland, as a model cotton milling community.
General Charles Cornwallis succeeds Warren Hastings as Governor-General in India. Composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart's Marriage of Figaro
premieres in Vienna. Francisco Goya is appointed court painter to the Spanish king Charles III.