© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir John Fortescue
by William Faithorne Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1663
9 1/4 in. x 6 in. (235 mm x 151 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Sir John Fortescue (circa 1397-1479), Justice and political theorist. Sitter in 8 portraits.
- William Faithorne (circa 1620-1691), Engraver and draughtsman. Artist associated with 719 portraits, Sitter associated with 4 portraits.
Gilbert Sheldon is enthroned as Archbishop of Canterbury upon the death of William Juxon. Sheldon principle concerns would be defence of the church, coupled with religious uniformity and ecclesiastical reform. England experiences a very cold, wet summer, as noted by Samuel Pepys in his diary.
Art and science
John Dryden's first play, The Wild Gallant
, is staged at court probably through the influence of Barbara Palmer, Countess of Castlemaine, the king's mistress.
A renewal of the English colonisation of North America is marked by a royal charter naming eight aristocrats joint owners of a projected colony in Carolina. Known as the Lords Proprietors of Carolina, they are informally led by Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury.