© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Cornelis Martinus Vermeulen, after Adriaen van der Werff Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, late 17th century
12 5/8 in. x 7 3/8 in. (322 mm x 188 mm) plate size; 15 3/8 in. x 8 1/2 in. (391 mm x 217 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Catherine Howard (circa 1518-1542), Fifth Queen Consort of Henry VIII. Sitter associated with 9 portraits.
Charles II mistress, Barbara Villiers, is created Duchess of Cleveland and granted Nonsuch Palace including its sizeable grounds. Actress and royal mistress, Nell Gwyn, gives birth to Charles II's son, Charles, who would later become, Duke of St. Albans.
Art and science
Tragicomedy, The Forc'd Marriage
, by Aphra Behn, staged by the Duke's Company, starts Behn's career as a professional writer. The writer may have been a royalist spy towards the end of the interregnum. Poet laureate, John Dryden, is made historiographer royal, a post he would hold for nearly 20 years.
Terms of a secret treaty between Charles II and Louis XIV are brought by Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans during a visit to Dover; upon England supplying the majority of military power for a war against Holland and Charles's official conversion to Catholicism, France would assist financially.