© National Portrait Gallery, London
Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex
by Jacobus Houbraken, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1739
15 in. x 9 1/2 in. (382 mm x 240 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- NPG D42900: Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex (from same plate)
Foundling Hospital is established in London by sea-captain Thomas Coram, with William Hogarth as a founding governor.John Wesley, the founder of Methodism, begins his campaign of outdoor preaching, which he continues until his death in 1791.'Great Frost': an unusually harsh winter in southern England.
Art and science
Philosopher David Hume anonymously publishes his Treatise of Human Nature
, in which he applies the principles of experimental science to the human mind.
War of Jenkin's Ear: Convention of Pardo is held to settle differences with Spain, but Prime Minister Robert Walpole is forced to declare hostilities. At the Battle of Porto Bello, British forces under Admiral Edward Vernon capture the Panamanian town of Porto Bello from the Spanish.Persian ruler Nadir Shah enters Delhi and removes much of the accumulated treasure of the Mughal empire.