© National Portrait Gallery, London
by William Marshall Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, published 1642
5 1/2 in. x 4 1/2 in. (140 mm x 115 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Thomas Wolsey (1470 or 1471-1530), Cardinal and statesman. Sitter associated with 36 portraits.
- William Marshall (active 1617-1649), Engraver. Artist associated with 186 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Charles I fails to arrest five members of Parliament and rejects Parliament's Nineteen Propositions.Outbreak of Civil War. The Battle of Edgehill, the first fought between Royalist armies led by Lieutenant-General, Patrick Ruthven, Earl of Brentford and Parliamentarians under Captain-General, Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, is inconclusive.
Art and science
Parliament closes all theatres in London judging entertainment sinful. A Jovial Crew
, by playwright, Richard Brome, is reportedly the last play staged before the closure. Poet, John Denham, writes Cooper's Hill
, a reflection on kingship during the current political upheavals.
Royalist soldier, James Butler, Duke of Ormonde, leads the king's forces in Ireland against the Irish Confederates. During the year, he successfully achieves victory at the battle of Kilrush and raises the siege of Drogheda. France's first minister, Cardinal-Duc de Richelieu dies and is succeeded by Cardinal Jules Mazarin.