© National Portrait Gallery, London
Sir Thomas More
by Thomas Cook, after Hans Holbein the Younger Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, probably late 18th-early 19th century
8 1/4 in. x 6 1/4 in. (210 mm x 160 mm) plate size; 8 1/4 in. x 6 7/8 in. (211 mm x 176 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Sir Thomas More (1478-1535), Lord Chancellor, classical scholar, author of 'Utopia' and canonized 1935. Sitter associated with 54 portraits.
- Thomas Cook (1744 or 1745?-1818), Printmaker. Artist associated with 36 portraits.
- Hans Holbein the Younger (1497 or 1498-1543). Artist associated with 310 portraits, Sitter in 19 portraits.
Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton resigns as Prime Minister and is succeeded by Frederick North, 2nd Earl of Guilford.
Art and science
Oliver Goldsmith publishes his poem The Deserted Village
. Philosopher and politician Edmund Burke publishes Thoughts on the Cause of the Present Discontents
discussing the limits of the King's authority. 17-year-old Thomas Chatterton, later hailed as a significant poet, commits suicide in a London garret.Thomas Gainsborough paints his portrait of Jonathan Buttall, which later becomes known as The Blue Boy
'Townshend duties' on imports into the colonies are repealed, except for the duty on tea. However, this concession is soon followed by the Boston Massacre, in which British troops fire into an unruly crowd in Boston, killing five. Captain Cook reaches the eastern coast of Australia, at a place which he names Botany Bay. He discovers the Great Barrier Reef when HMS Endeavour runs onto it. Cook claims New South Wales for the British.