© National Portrait Gallery, London
Philip II, King of Spain
by Giacomo Forma, after Hieronymus Wierix Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, circa 1586
8 in. x 5 3/8 in. (202 mm x 135 mm) paper size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- Giacomo Forma (active late 16th-early 17th century), Engraver. Artist associated with 1 portrait.
- Hieronymus Wierix (circa 1553-1619), Draughtsman and engraver. Artist associated with 3 portraits.
Discovery of the Babington plot to assassinate Queen Elizabeth I. Mary, Queen of Scots is implicated. She is tried and convicted of High Treason.Sir Francis Drake undertakes raids on Spanish possessions in the West Indies. He is the most feared English pirate, known as El Draque
(the Dragon) by the Spanish. Death of Sir Philip Sidney at the Battle of Zutphen in the Netherlands. He is mourned as a Protestant hero.
Art and science
The historian and herald William Camden publishes Britannia
, the earliest topographical survey of Britain. The explorer Thomas Cavendish departs from Plymouth on his circumnavigation of the world.
A revolutionary Catholic Government, the Council of Sixteen, is established in Paris. It supports the military campaigns of Henry, Duke of Guise against the Huguenots (French Protestants). Akbar, Mughal Emperor of India, conquers Kashmir.