© reserved; collection National Portrait Gallery, London
Laurence Kerr Olivier, Baron Olivier and Jill Esmond in The Green Bay Tree
by Vandamm Studio Click on the links below to find out more
bromide print, 1933
9 3/8 in. x 7 3/8 in. (237 mm x 186 mm) image size
- Vandamm Studio (active 1919-1961). Artist associated with 12 portraits.
Sir Norman Angell is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Angell was recognised for his book, Europe's Optical Illusion
(or The Great Illusion
) first published in 1910 and updated in 1933, which argued that war between modern powers was futile as neither the looser or victor would gain economically from it.
Art and science
British Art embraces abstraction with the establishment of 'Unit 1', the first group of British Artists dedicated to producing abstract art. The critic Herbert Read formed the group by bringing together the artists Ben Nicholson, Barbara Hepworth, Henry Moore, Paul Nash and the architect, Wells Coates.The Duveen Wing extension at the National Portrait Gallery is opened by King George V.
The Nazi party comes to power in Germany as part of a coalition government with Hitler as Chancellor. Over the next year, the party consolidated its position through the Enabling Act (allowing them to pass legislation without the support of the coalition), by banning and purging opposition, and by making Hitler Führer in 1934: granting him the combined powers of Chancellor and President.