© National Portrait Gallery, London
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex
by Pieter Stevens van Gunst, after Adriaen van der Werff Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1697
12 1/2 in. x 7 1/8 in. (317 mm x 182 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
William III argues for the existence of a peacetime standing army to maintain England's safety. Unpopular with both political parties, Robert Harley, Earl of Oxford, leads the opposition against the proposal. The first service at St. Paul Cathedral is held since the building was destroyed by the Great Fire.
Art and science
Circumnavigator, William Dampier, publishes New Voyage Round the World
. Painter and member of the Whiggish Kit-Cat Club, Godfrey Kneller starts to paint the club's members devising a special portrait size for the series.
Negotiations between William Bentinck, Earl of Portland, and Louis XIV's representative, Marshal Boufflers, effectuate the signing of a peace treaty at Ryswick, ending the Nine Years' War with France. The terms include re-establishment of the territorial position in 1688 and Louis's acknowledgement of William III as King of England.