© National Portrait Gallery, London
Philip Howard, 13th Earl of Arundel
by R. Grave, after Lucas Vorsterman Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, possibly early 19th century
4 3/4 in. x 3 5/8 in. (120 mm x 93 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
- R. Grave. Artist associated with 24 portraits.
- Lucas Vorsterman (1595-1675), Engraver and publisher. Artist associated with 41 portraits, Sitter in 4 portraits.
Widespread food riots after poor harvests of 1798-9. Theorist, Thomas Malthus, controversially argues that poverty and food shortages are an inevitable consequence of population growth, challenging assumptions that populousness was a sign of national prosperity and power. His thesis contributed forcefully to the debate over the existing Poor Law.
Art and science
William Wordsworth publishes his Preface
to the Lyrical Ballads
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