© National Portrait Gallery, London
by Edme de Boulonois Click on the links below to find out more
line engraving, 1682
7 1/8 in. x 5 3/8 in. (182 mm x 135 mm) plate size
Given by the daughter of compiler William Fleming MD, Mary Elizabeth Stopford (née Fleming), 1931
Whig politician, Anthony Ashley-Cooper, the case of high treason dropped against him, attempts to co-ordinate uprisings around the country over the exclusion crisis; he is ultimately forced to flee to the Netherlands. Bideford Witch Trial condemns three women to death, the last to be hanged for witchcraft in England.
Art and science
Dramatist Thomas Otway's play, Venice Preserv'd
, is first staged. Dedicated to the king's influential French mistress, Louise de Kéroualle, Duchess of Portsmouth, it becomes one of the most popular Restoration plays. Naturalist, John Ray, publishes Methodus plantarum nova
, expounding his classification of plant species.
King of France, Louis XIV's determination to seize Spanish Luxembourg, and mobilization of French troops to the area, threatens the treaty of Nijmegen and security of the Dutch. Pressured by William of Orange and George Savile, Marquess of Halifax to take military action, the king opts for informal mediation.